Archive for January, 2014|Monthly archive page

Twelve new DBA commands for Oracle 12c

In DBA, Init.ora, Oracle database, Oracle internals, RMAN on January 25, 2014 at 10:47

With more than 500 new features, Oracle Database 12c is designed to give us exactly what we need for easy database administration, consolidation, security and availability. And I cannot deny the complexity it brings into our pluggable world…


But straight to the point. Here are 12 new commands for Oracle DBAs:

1. impdp … transform=disable_archive_logging:Y

The new TRANSFORM option DISABLE_ARCHIVE_LOGGING appended to the impdp command line will cause Oracle Data Pump to disable (almost completely) redo logging when loading data into tables and when creating indexes. Check this example.

2. select xmltransform(dbms_qopatch.get_opatch_lsinventory, dbms_qopatch.get_opatch_xslt) from dual;

With the new DBMS_QOPATCH package we can view the installed database patches:

GET_OPATCH_BUGS: Provides a bugs list for a patch
GET_OPATCH_COUNT: Provides the total number of installed patches
GET_OPATCH_LSINVENTORY: Returns whole opatch inventory
GET_OPATCH_PREQS: Provides prerequisite patches for a given patch

Check this example.

3. grant sysdba, sysoper, sysbackup, sysdg, syskm to c##julian identified by password container=all;

If we want to create a common user in the CDB, we must prefix it with c##. It is because the default common user prefix in 12.1.0 is c##. However, the _common_user_prefix parameter controls that prefix. One option is to set it to NULL.

SYSBACKUP, SYSDG and SYSKM are also database users. SYSDG is used for Oracle Data Guard operations: startup, shutdown and flashback database while SYSKM is used for encryption key management operations: connect to the database even if the database is not open.

4. create table porter(owner varchar2(128), object_name varchar2(128), created date invisble);


This “trick” does not work with temporary tables, external tables and cluster tables. Check this example.

5. alter system set max_string_size=extended;


The new init.ora parameter MAX_STRING_SIZE (default is standard) controls the maximum size of the VARCHAR2, NVARCHAR2, and RAW data types. It can be increased from 4,000 to 32767 bytes. Check this example.

6. alter database move datafile ‘old_location’ to ‘new_location’;


In 12.1.0, a data file can now be moved online while it is open and being accessed, all these are possible now:

– Renaming an Online Datafile
– Relocating an Online Datafile
– Copying an Online Datafile
– Relocating an Online Datafile and Overwriting an Existing File
– Relocating an Online Datafile to Oracle ASM
– Moving a File from One ASM Location to Another ASM Location

7. recover table emp until time ‘sysdate-1’;


RMAN enables us to recover one or more tables or table partitions to a specified point in time without affecting the remaining database objects. We can use previously-created RMAN backups to recover tables and table partitions to a specified point in time. Check this example.

8. alter session set row archival visibility = active;
alter session set row archival visibility = all;

In-Database Archiving enables us to archive rows within a table by marking them as inactive. These inactive rows are in the database and can be optimized using compression, but are not visible to an application. To manage In-Database Archiving for a table, we must enable ROW ARCHIVAL for the table and manipulate the ORA_ARCHIVE_STATE hidden column of the table. Check my old blog post.

9. alter session set temp_undo_enabled = true;

Check this example.

10. truncate table dept cascade;

TRUNCATE TABLE is enhanced in the following way: a new clause CASCADE allows you to recursively truncate child tables. Check this example.

11. create sequence temp_order_seq start with 100 increment by 10 session;

The new clause SESSION allows you to create a session sequence. Check this example.

12. $ORACLE_HOME/perl/bin/perl -n 8 -l $ORACLE_HOME/diagnostics catupgrd.sql

Oracle Database 12c introduces the Parallel Upgrade Utility (, which enables components that do not have to be upgraded in a specific order to be upgraded at the same time, taking full advantage of CPU capacity. The Parallel Upgrade Utility reduces the total amount of time it takes to perform an upgrade by loading the database dictionary in parallel using multiple SQL processes to upgrade the database.

-n specifies the number of processes to use for parallel operations (default = 4). The maximum is 8. Set this parameter to 0 to run in serial mode.